You may well ask. It's a chace (a chase), probably composed by Denis Le Grant (died 1352), a round for three voices that describes a hunt for falcons in the French countryside. But what's it doing on the new Orlando Consort Machaut CD, the second in the series? As Anne Stone explains in her excellent booklet notes, Machaut quotes from it in Pour ce que tous mes chans fais, a ballade also included in the CD. The chace, Se je chant mains que ne suelh (to give it its name) isn't thus representative of the CD, which has some lovely ballades and rondeaus, but it's a great piece and, in the same way that Machaut honours it, we wanted to give it place.
The disk has already received some lovely reviews (see below) and we will keep you updated on its reception.
Fabrice Fitch, writing in The Gramophone, has given a glowing review to our new disk of music by Loyset Compère. The selection of music includes a Magnificat, a motet and several chansons, and it is the latter that Fitch commends in particular, particularly for our braveness in recording secular music that doesn't always capture the modern imagination. "Patience yields an appreciation of these pieces’ near-miraculous formal balance and strength of melodic invention" he writes, "which sees The Orlandos at their best." He concludes by asserting that "this project is a confident affirmation that all-vocal recordings of 15th-century songs are well worth making." And so say all of us.
On August 1st on BBC Radio 3's CD Review, Andrew McGregor was no less fulsome in his praise: "The singing of the Orlando Consort is impeccably tuned and placed, timelessly appealing in this well-balanced Hyperion recording." He went on to say that "Loyset Compère is a name that deserves more recognition; I suspect an album like this will do his cause no harm at all." You can hear the review here, along with a section from one of the motet-chansons, Tant ay d'ennuy.
Another positive review, this time in the Financial Times: "Twenty years ago The Orlando Consort made an influential recording of his music and here they are again, offering a new selection of Compère’s mostly short vocal pieces informed by recent scholarship. The four, bright-voiced, male singers are quick to draw on the contrasts in chansons like the folksy “Ung franc archier” and seductive “Vous me faites morir d’envie”.
And from independent reviewer Andrew Benson-Wilson, an intelligent review that describes one of the hallmarks of the group: "Key to the Orlando Consort’s success is the keen vocal blend between all four voices, aided by the wonderfully pure and clean tone of countertenor Matthew Venner, whose voice is always fully integrated with, rather than sitting on top of, the voices of his colleagues."
York and Cheltenham
We're just back home after a lovely, if intense, little trip to the ever-fresh York Early Music Festival and the eclectic and fascinating Cheltenham Music Festival, both of which hosted the Voices Appeared project. At York we were back in the beautufil St Margaret's church, home of the National Centre for Early Music, which was one of the partners for the project. The dDirector of NCEM, Delma Tomlin MBE, is a long-time supporter of the group and, as ever, she and her staff made us feel very welcome. It was then on to Tewkesbury Abbey, an inspired venue, its stolid pillars expressing something of the cruel asceticism of Dreyer's vision and the harsh rigidity of Joan of Arc's accusers.
We received a very positive review in the York Press: 'a feat of immense stamina – more or less continuous singing over 90 minutes... Imaginative and riveting'; and further enthusiastic commentary in the Gloucesteshire Echo: 'It was the superb singing of the Orlando Consort which turned the evening into such a mesmerising experience.'
Article on 'Voices Appeared' in The Guardian
You may be interested to read the following article on our Voices Appeared project, which appeared on The Guardian's music-blog site.
New release - pre-order
Exciting news. The next CD release for Hyperion is now available for pre-order at the iTunes store. The recording is of music by Loyset Compère, the slightly older colleague of Josquin Desprez in whose shadow he has been for many years, undeservedly so. We recorded an album of his music back in 1993, and we've wanted to record much more ever since. The allbum includes a variety of items - a stunning Magnificat, some wonderful chansons, a typically effortless motet, and a couple of his beautiful and beguiling chansons-motets, which marry the austerity of the sacred with the limpidly secular. Pre-order here.
Joan of Arc
Those who have an interest in our Voices Appeared project may like to watch Helen Castor's recent excellent programme on Joan of Arc, available for a little while longer on BBC iPlayer. Dreyer's movie focuses entirely on the trial and execution of God's Warrior, as Castor describes her, but the back story is fascinating and well told in this documentary. Readers might also like to look at the June-August edition of Early Music Today for an article written by Don about our project.
Front Row on Radio 4
You can listen again to a conversation between Donald Greig of the Consort, and Neil Brand, a highly respected and talented composer, commentator and accompanist of silent movies. It was first broadcast on Tuesday 19th May 2015 as part of BBC Radio 4's Front Row and hosted by Kirsty Lang,http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b05vcyvg
New reviews of The Dart of Love
Some lovely reviews have come our way for our most recent recording of Machaut chansons and motets. Here's a brisk round-up of them:
'The programme is nicely varied in mood and scoring, ranging from four-voice ballades and motets to a single-voice virelai, and every combination in between … a thoughtful essay by Anne Stone makes audible sense of the many connections between the pieces on this valuable, impressive recording' Gramophone
'The Orlando Consort … celebrate the fourteenth-century French composer-poet Guillaume de Machaut with a selection of his numerous motets and songs … on the theme of courtly love and its diversions … Machaut, in the skilled hands of these musicians, turns … brutalities into music of ethereal purity, pulsating with poised, almost jaunty rhythms. Music for quiet concentration' The Observer
'The second anthology in the Orlando Consort’s Machaut marathon…[is] characterised by supreme text—sensitivity and beauty of tone. One marvels at their trademark exquisite balance and their ability to reveal even the most complex of Machaut’s structures with enviable agreement and ensemble' Early Music Today
'[This recording] offers a greater mix of pieces which amply demonstrate just why Machaut occupies such a crucial position in medieval music … the listener is transported into a richly rewarding and endlessly fascinating soundworld in which poetry and music are entwined as they can only be when they flow from the same pen … deeply satisfying while still whetting one's appetite for more' The Europadisc Review
'La séduction so british des Orlando aura ses partisans' Diapason
The performances are exemplary of their kind. .. An awareness of one another, and a composite sense of style, graces this recording and many others they have made in the past. Intonation is assured, and enunciation perfect. With excellent sound, full texts and translations, this comes strongly recommended. Fanfare
First review of Voices Appeared
Last night we were in Glasgow at The Old Fruitmarket to perform Voices Appeared. The venue was stunning, as you'll see from the picture taken during our rehearsal. The screen was glorious, as indeed it should be. The audience was keen and enthusiastic, and we've received a very positive review in The Herald.
Classic track with an international following
...and hot on the heels of news of The Gramophone making our new disk an editor's choice come three radio stations prasiing it. BBC Radio 3 described our rendition of Quant en moy / Amour et biauté parfaite / Amara valde as a 'classic track'. You can listen here. And France Musique described The Dart of Love as 'un très beau disque.' Listen here. If that weren't enough from Germany came a lavish 20-minute review of the album, the essential message of which was that it was well worth buying. Listen here.
Video for Voices Appeared
Please take a look at the video below (not forgetting to pause the music playing in the background first). It gives you a taste of our new 'Voices Appeared' project
The Gramophone Editor's Choice Recording: The Dart of Love
A lovely fillip for us all in the form of an editor's choice pick for our new disk here. Fabrice Fitch singles out the sterling contributions of Matt and Mark, who bear the brunt of the text in singing the top lines: "Much of the time the musical and textual argument puts the spotlight on the consort’s younger members, the countertenor Matthew Venner and the higher tenor Mark Dobel (the lower parts being sung but not texted). Their agility and Venner’s clear, well-modulated timbre and admirable control of phrasing play no small part in The Orlandos’ rejuvenation.". Rejuvenation indeed. Note also the comments he makes about the track you're currently listening to, and the reference to the excellent notes: "Of those pieces new to the discography I’d single out the humorous hunter’s canon Se je chant mains by Machaut’s contemporary, Denis Le Grant, whose calls and barks are nicely suggested without the music descending into slapstick. A thoughtful essay by Anne Stone makes audible sense of the many connections between the pieces on this valuable, impressive recording."
Reviews for new Hyperion disc"
Two very nice reviews thus far, one in The Observer by Fiona Maddocks ('Music of Ethereal Beauty') and one online at Europadisc. Both praise the range of music and the performances.
"Machaut, in the skilled hands of these musicians, turns these brutalities into music of ethereal purity, pulsating with poised, almost jaunty rhythms. Music for quiet concentration." - Fiona Maddocks, The Observer
"the singing is of such quality and blend. Dip into any track at random and the listener is transported into a richly rewarding and endlessly fascinating soundworld" - Europadisc
Voices Appeared Appears
This week we unveil to an invited audience a project on which we’ve been working for some time now. The idea came in the summer of 2013, conceived by Don, and a conversation with the others indicated that it would be worth exploring. Essentially it was to provide a live soundtrack of music to accompany one of the great movies: Carl Theodor Dreyer’s La Passion de Jeanne d’Arc, a 1928 silent movie. Don was the only one who knew the movie, not surprising given his film-studies background, but everyone recognised the potential, particularly when it was pointed out that the movie regularly appeared in the list of Top Ten Movies of all time.
The film depicts the trail and execution of Joan of Arc, that great French warrior and ultimately Saint. She was burned at the stake in 1431 (not exactly a spoiler) and the music would all come from the period of her brief life, i.e. the early C15th. The involvement of the French, English and Burgundian courts, all involved in one way or another with music, suggested the music be limited to that composed either by native composers or specifically for those courts. There was no need to cast the net wider to Italian composers, not least because so many French composers worked there anyway.
As with all projects, one needs funding of some kind. Occasionally we will develop something without financial support, but in the cold world of the self-employed time tends to equal money. So our first act, before exploring the movie and the music in any great detail, was to approach the various English concert promoters we knew and have a meeting with the Arts Council of England. Such discussions take a long time, and it wasn’t till January 2014 that the application was in solid enough shape to submit to the Arts Council. Fortunately, in April 2014 it was confirmed that the project had been greenlit: we had thirteen performances in the UK, the first a try-out to an invited audience at King’s College, London, which will take place on Thursday. Following that there will be a day-symnposium hosted by King’s College, which brings together academics from the fields of music, film, history, French, English and Scandinavian studies.
Over the coming weeks I’ll lift the veil a little on the process itself, and in time a list of the various performances will appear on the Concerts page.
Pre-Order for Christmas: Machaut: The Dart of Love
It’s almost here – the second volume in our mammoth project to record all the polyphonic songs of Gullaume de Machaut! The new CD from Hyperion features a lovely blend of songs employing the main poetic forms of the medieval age – the ballade, the virelai and the rondeau – and Machaut’s extraordinary harmonic and melodic gifts. But you don’t need to take our word for it as there has already been a review in Early Music News! “One marvels at the (Consort's) trademark exquisite balance and their ability to reveal even the most complex of Machaut’s structures.”
Now you know how to spend some of those Amazon and iTunes vouchers you receive at Christmas, so go to iTunes now and be the first to hear this latest offering from The Orlando Consort.
Mantra in Sheffield
As well as being an administrator and singer in The Orlando Consort, Angus is also artistic director of Music in the Round in Sheffield. We thus performed Mantra in that festival and here are Angus' thoughts on the event:
'Six years ago I started out on the process of devising a project for my group, the Orlando Consort, that was very different from anything that we had attempted before. This was not to be a standard presentation of a concert of medieval and renaissance music, even though it was from that glorious repertoire that the idea stemmed. It was more than that. This was to be the telling of a story of a remarkable musical encounter that took place some 500 years ago and relating it to the modern world.
'Last week the project, ‘Mantra’, was presented at Sheffield Cathedral. In the concert we told (and sang) of how Portuguese missionaries went to India – specifically to Goa – and invited local musicians to make music with them in the newly-built churches. Accounts survive of the joyous sounds that were created by ‘the instruments of the land’ and the voices of all present. From that starting point we transported the music to the present, incorporating elements of Bhangra and Bollywood. For our Sheffield version we were joined by our regular partners, Kuljit Bhamra(tabla), Jonathan Mayer (sitar) and singer Shahid Khan, and by students from Fir Vale School, Tapton School, and an invited choir of local adult singers. It is no exaggeration to say even after having done more than 25 performances of this project all around the world, this was the most inspiring performance that I and my colleagues in the Consort have yet experienced.
'Yes, it was an excellent and spirited rendition of the music by all involved, and it was wonderful to introduce people of all ages to our western and eastern musical traditions. But there were so many other moments within the Consort’s visit to Sheffield that, when combined, served to capture so perfectly all the elements of what we had aspired to achieve when we set out six years ago. They are too numerous to mention all of them here but I would like to share a few of them. The pupils of Fir Vale School being so tolerant of my attempt to speak Punjabi texts, the girl from Tapton School who stood up in the concert to dance on stage with Shahid, and the energy and exuberance of our adult volunteer choir – the usual image of formal and restrained British choirs seemed a million miles away at that moment!
'But if there was a single episode that encapsulated ‘the whole’, it would be Shahid speaking to the pupils shortly before the concert, having been encouraged by Kuljit to tell them what the project means to him. Shahid is a Muslim who was brought up in Brentford, West London, and he has had a very formal and traditional classical training in Indian music. He spoke movingly of how he has come to value the opportunity to work with and learn from musicians from other traditions, and of how he has been able to observe at first-hand how musical respect carries over into all areas of life. Suffice to say that for these words and, of course, for his singing and dancing, Shahid is now something of a hero for these Fir Vale and Tapton students.
'It has been wonderful to have had the support of our adult participants, Sheffield Cathedral, the schools (especially the staff) and, crucially, the parents in presenting this work. And I will also admit to feeling proud that I am part of two organisations, the Orlando Consort and Music in the Round, that share my views of the universality of music and which allow me present work that I feel is not only enjoyable for audiences but which is also hugely important for the message contained within. This is, therefore, my thank you letter to every single person who has made this possible.'
Scattered Rhymes in Sydney
Readers might like to know that our recording of Scattered Rhymes forms the centrepiece of a new and exciting collaborative project between its composer, Tarik O'Regan, and the Sydney Dance Company. Performances run from October 4th to 18th at the Sydney Theatre, and tickets can be purchased here. Knowing Tarik as we do, it's bound to be a startling and exciting work, as this glimpse shows. If only we lived closer...
The Gramophone Early-Music Award Shortlist 2014
We're delighted to report that our first CD for Hyperion Songs from Le Voir Dit, music of which you may even now be hearing (unless you're switched your speakers off) has been shortlisted for the prestigious Gramophone Ealry -Music Award. We have been shortlisted several times in the past, and won it several years ago for our recording of music by John Dunstable, but this is an exciting first for the current line-up and a vindication of Hyperion's faith and trust in us. There's a long way to go, but please keep your fingers crossed for us. Please see here for more information.
The Orlando Consort dance
Well, not really. That would be, if amusing, embarrassing. But music that was written for the group and which we subsequently recorded, namely Tarik O'Regan's Scattered Rhymes, is the soundtrack to a new project by the Sydney Dance Company, performances of which will take place in October of this year. Tarik assures us that he made every effort to have us flown over to sing the piece live, but the budget wouldn't stretch. More can be found here.
'Voices appeared': Silent cinema and medieval sound - La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc and The Orlando Consort
As mentioned below, we’re about to embark on a new project, an imaginative and intriguing crossover between early music and early film. The movie in question is Carl-Theodor Dreyer’s acclaimed masterpiece, La Passion de Jeanne d’Arc,released in 1928, a movie that often is included in critics’ lists of the top ten films of all time. It features what is generally accepted as one of the finest performances on film, by Renée Jeanne Falconetti in the title role.
From its very first screening, various forms of music have accompanied this silent movie; works by composers as diverse as Nick Cave and J S Bach have been yoked to the director’s arresting images. Surprisingly though, for a film that takes its duty to history so seriously - the film spends its opening minutes insisting in its authenticity, describing how the dialogue is taken from the actual transcripts of the trial, while Dreyer was also painstaking in his recreation of the locations - no-one has provided a soundtrack of music of the period that the film depicts, namely the early fifteenth century.
The narrative focuses on the trial and execution of Joan of Arc by French clerics between 1429 and 1431. Dressed in men’s clothing, Joan had led the French to victory over the English. An uneducated shepherd’s daughter from Donrémy, she was either a visionary or delusional, depending on your reading of history. Certainly at the time that the film was made, she was very much the former, particularly in French eyes. She had been canonised only as recently as 1920 and supplanted the countries other patron saints in the popular imagination.
Dreyer condenses events into a single day and the film unfolds as a series of confrontations between Joan and her tormentors. We as spectators are unsure where we stand, not least in relation to narrative space itself, the style almost self-conscious, embracing its status as art movie. The film refuses the usual comforts of spatial orientation, throwing the actors against abstract background shapes – arches, crooked windows, the set designed by Hermann Warm, the art director on the Expressionist Cabinet of Dr Caligari – their bodies flattened and distorted by odd framings that refuse the laws of perspective. But it is Joan herself who is treated the harshest, inviting our sympathy and understanding. Her face is stripped of make-up, her body bled, her hair shorn with us very much as witnesses (this was no trick effect), the camera unflinching in its relentless investigation of her suffering. Unsurprisingly, the iconic image from the movie is that of Falconnetti’s face, wearing the pained innocence of the martyr.
Our task will be to enhance the experience for the audience while eschewing any inclination to draw too much attention to ourselves. We will be shrouded in darkness below the screen, much like cinema orchestras were in the past. The music, though, will not be the familiar late romantic style, or a compilation of clichéd cues (William Tell overture for the chase, solo violin for the love theme, etc.). The function of music that accompanies a live screening is very different from that that is written for the sound movie. There music is carefully ‘spotted’ by composer and director, moments chosen where music will fulfil various functions. Someone like a Steiner, for example, would carefully hone particular themes and link them to characters or situations; a genius like Herrmann went his own way, with an emphasis on quirky combinations of instruments. The presence of the performers who create the music for a live screening means that immediately the music is far more of a commentary on the film than an integral part of it, a relay between spectator and screen which undoubtedly fulfils some of the same functions of emotional underscoring, but stands a little way distant from it. Rather like Dreyer does in relation to his subjects.
And voices are the perfect vehicle. Joan claimed to be guided by three angels – Michael, Catherine and Margaret – and though the film doesn’t depict these visions, her own voice is continually silenced by the hectoring clerics who have put her on trial. Conflicting discourses, alternately cajoling and condemnatory, stage an unheard aural polyphony that finds an echo in medieval motets, antiphons, plainsong and discant, and it will be fascinating for us to assemble this collage for a modern-day audience of cinephiles and music lovers alike.
The repertoire will be drawn from a very specific period, namely the first thirty-one years of the fifteenth century. Joan was a French prisoner of the Burgundian Court at the behest of the English Crown, and each of those three powers had its own rich musical tradition: Philip the Good of Burgundy was one of the great musical patrons of the medieval period, bringing luminaries such as Binchois and Dufay to his court; Philip’s sister, Anne, was married to John, Duke of Bedford, uncle to Henry VI of England and, at the time of Joan’s trial, governor of Normandy; Bedford was the fortunate patron of the most famous and influential composer of the fifteenth century, John Dunstable; Henry VI, like his father before him, was a keen student of music, founder of Kings College, Cambridge and Eton school, both with their famous chapels (and thus instigator of two musical establishments that still exist today).
In the coming weeks we’ll be developing the soundtrack, experimenting by trying different pieces against the same sections of film, gauging its impact, and working out the (very) specific tempi that we will have to follow. More to follow, as they say.
Halfway through 2014
It’s been a busy first half of the year for the group, in terms of performances and recordings, and, despite the lack of actual concerts from now through December, will be similarly challenging. We had a wonderful five-concert tour in the USA in February, as well as two residencies at Durham and Nottingham Universities. The latter are occasions for us to realise exactly how much we know about medieval music, and also how much there is still to learn. Guided in symposia and rehearsals by academics, all parties, particularly the students, get to engage with the music as both an historical artefact and a living force. We also recorded the third of our Machaut disks for Hyperion and, once again, were startled and delighted by the composer’s vision. And last month we had a wonderful concert in Milan for a small festival dedicated to early music: Festival dell'Ascensione.
Over the rest of the year we will be very much preparing for 2015 and a new project: a live soundtrack to accompany screenings of Carl Theodore Dreyer’s 1928 masterpiece, La Passion de Jeanne d’Arc, details of which I will post under a separate heading. It’s a project that has fired the imagination of many promoters, the upshot of which is that we will be staging it at around 16 UK venues in 2015, as well as in North America. Keep an eye on the concerts page for further details.
A couple of fine reviews for our most recent concert in Durham. The program was structured around the two most famous Guillaumes of the medieval period, Machaut and Dufay, and we also featured contemporary pieces that take their music as a starting point, one by Tarik O'Regan, the other by Gabriel Jackson.
The Darlington and Stockton Times focused on the singing, opining that 'the four singers [made] the most of the chapel’s acoustic with voices singly or in any combination, sounding gloriously rich and full.' It rounded off by insisting that the evening was 'a superb demonstration of song and singing. The full review can be found here. ' The fu
The same concert was reviewed on the Bachtrackn website by Jane Shuttleworth. She generously descrivbed the individual qualities of our voices, noting 'the effortless grace of Matthew Venner’s alto.' She went on as follows: 'Le lay de bonne esperance was sung by tenor Angus Smith without any accompaniment, the solitary melody line spare and haunting. Sans cuer, dolens de vous departiray, a song of parting was given equal measure of sweetness and sadness by Mark Dobell’s honeyed tenor, accompanied only by sustained bass notes, delivered with absolutely unbending control by Donald Greig.'
The concert ended with two pieces by Dufay, which Ms Shuttleworth thought 'showed a more intimate side to Dufay than the grandeur of the Mass, and gave a very moving end to an exquisite concert. ' Full review here
Nottingham and Durham
We've now completed four years of working at the universities of Nottingham, Durham and Bangor under a residency scheme sponsored by The Radcliffe Trust. It's been challenging and fulfilling, working alongside academics and with students, imparting our experience as performers, coaching choirs and small ensembles, providing demonstrations and master classes, workshops and concerts. We think that the students and, indeed, academic have learned a great deal, as have we. Many thanks to the Radcliffe Trust for their sponsorship, and good luck to whichever ensemble it is who takes over from us.
Mark Dobell's USA February 2014 Tour Blog
Mark's tour blog for our February 2014 North America tour can now be found here.
...and back to the USA
We're heading back across the pond for a concert tour that takes in five US cities: New York, Houston, Ann Arbor, Annapolis and Milwaukee. Aside from Ann Arbor, these are all return visits and we're greatly looking forward to it.
The first concerts are at The Cloisters, a perfect venue for us. The programme is entitled The Discourse of Medieval Love and features chansons by Machaut, our newest project. Do come along if you're at a loose end on a Sunday afternoon in February (9th to be exact - book tickets here).
For the other concerts, please check out the concerts page where full details can be found.
New York Times Best of 2013
A very nice ending to 2013 for us in the form of a review of the new Hyperion disk by James R. Oestreich in the New York Times: 'Here is exquisite if rarefied music from Machaut’s magnum opus,' he wrties, 'the “Livre dou Voir Dit” (“Book of the True Tale”), which consists of letters, lyrics and these songs, telling of a romance the composer carried on over great distances in the mid-14th century. The performances by the Orlando Consort of four male voices are masterly.' Well, that's very kind of you, Mr Oestreich, and we wish you a very happy holiday, as we do to all those who visit these pages.
I'm sure that The Church Times were being complimentary to Matt, but the following amused us. 'I get a shiver down the spine every time the alto Matthew Venner opens his mouth,. the reviewer wrote of the Le Voir Dit recording. Fortunately he went on to say: 'but he is not on all tracks; so you get to hear the marvellous sound that the other members make.'
North American contact
If you have any interest in booking The Orlando Consort for 2014-15 or 2015-16 then please write directly to firstname.lastname@example.org. He will be happy to talk with you about our future plans.
North America Tour
We're just back from the East Coast of America, having performed three concerts at Yale, in New York City and at Haverford College. Many thanks to all those who came along and to all the promoters who organised the events. Brains and bodies are a little battered after the experience, but we're all heartened by the wonderful reception and by the review of our concert for Miller Theatre in New York on Saturday. 'The consort’s performances all showed the consummate mastery and refinement, and each voice had its individual attractions,' was how Jame Oestreich put it.
...and hot on the heels of other fine reviews (see below) comes the voice of David Fallows in The Gramophone. Slightly tongue-in-cheek he says that it feels like the 70s again, by which we take it he means the emergence of a style of singing known in some quarters as the a cappella heresy: 'No instruments, just solo men's voices, singing text where there is text in the manuscripts, vocalising where there is none, always dead in tune, always beautifully balanced.' He praises Mark and Matt for 'the most magnificent articulation of the texts' supported by '[an] understanding of the lines gained from their senior colleagues' (which means Don and Angus). It is Angus, though, who garners the greatest praise: 'the unforgettable track here is Angus Smith performing the "Lay de Bon Esperance". This and Machaut's other lais must be among the greatest challenges before Wagner for any singer. He's terrific.' Again, we understand that to mean Angus, and not Wagner, and we all very much look forward to hearing Angus' Brünnhilde in due course.